If you decide to create a site, then you need to solve the main question - on which platform to make it. From the many options available today, you need to choose a content management system that could meet all your requirements and tasks. It depends on how stable and fast the site will function, how easy it will be to manage, add new texts and images, make changes to the structure and navigation, as well as install additional plugins, scripts and modules.
What is a content management system?
Content management system (CMS) or "platform", or "engine" - is essentially a computer program with which you can manage existing text, graphic and multimedia materials, edit them or create new ones. At the same time, CMS differ from systems known as DBMS (database management system) in that when working with content elements, they are considered not as a single whole, but piecemeal, that is, separately. This is one of the main advantages of a CMS.
Paid and free content management systems
The leading role in choosing a CMS is played by its cost. The platforms for managing the site can be either commercial (paid) or freely available (free). It should be noted that the free versions are not always inferior in their capabilities to the paid ones.
The most expensive option, which solid companies with large incomes sometimes prefer - is to create an individual content management system for their exclusive web-project. If you do not take into account the high cost of such a CMS, as well as the need to spend a lot of time on its development, otherwise there are a lot of advantages, for example, maximum adaptability to the features of the structure and content, as well as taking into account the personal wishes of the customer. Such CMS are ordered for serious online stores or non-standard and specific sites.
A compromise option - is ready-made paid CMS, which have a standard set of tools suitable for most standard projects. They are much cheaper than individual CMS at a cost and are easily installed - they are simply "poured" onto the host server. However, if the owner or administrator of the site needs to introduce any innovations to the resource, then you will have to turn to a professional programmer who specializes in this engine for help.
Small firms and individuals usually turn their attention to free site management systems. Their feature is the openness of the source code.
On the one hand, this is convenient because such a platform can be independently modified for your personal needs - install additional modules/plugins, most of them free. However, this takes time and at least a minimum of relevant knowledge.
On the other hand - open source code makes the system vulnerable to hacking. However, such problems are quickly trying to solve both the developers themselves and numerous master enthusiasts.
Free CMS is very often used by private webmasters when creating blog sites, since in most cases they are made for the sake of their own interests and hobbies, and not for the purpose of earning money.
An important point when choosing a content management system is its compatibility with the hosting-server. The fact is that some hosting services do not support all CMS. Accordingly, if the hosting was originally selected, then you should find out which platforms are compatible with it. And vice versa, when there is already certainty with the CMS, then hosting is chosen for it.
To date, several platforms for site management have proven themselves well and have gained popularity, among them there are both free and paid ones.
Popular content management systems
Free, easy to manage and compatible with almost any hosting in PHP and MySQL. Joomla is often used to create business card sites and information portals. There are a huge number of free templates and plugins for it on the Internet. In addition, it is possible to add your own modules. At the same time, despite the openness of the source code, this system is well protected from intruders. Almost any user who does not have deep special knowledge can work with it.
The main disadvantage of Joomla - is the slow loading speed of pages if they are visited by a large number of users at the same time.
WordPress is known to many webmasters. Today it is one of the most popular among free CMS. It is necessary to choose it, first of all, for those who have decided to create a blog or a news resource. This engine is easy to install. To do this, you just need to download a special distribution kit, copy it to the hosting-server and run the installation. After that, just click a few buttons, and the CMS is ready to work.
For WordPress, you can find a large number of templates and plugins on the Internet, thanks to which you can develop a web-project of any format on this platform, even a full-fledged online store. From the point of view of seo-optimization, it also deserves all the praise. Initially, this system is written in English, but there are also Russified versions.
One of the serious disadvantages of WordPress - is a large load on the hosting-server, which leads to a slowdown when loading pages.
It is a free platform written in PHP. It is convenient to create blogs, business cards, photo galleries, forums, online stores and even social networks on it. Drupal is well suited for novice users, thanks to the built-in installer, which makes the installation of CMS almost automated. In addition, any question that arises can be solved in various online communities, of which there are quite a lot on this topic. Drupal provides all the basic requirements of search engines for the site. In addition, it can be independently supplemented with various extensions.
Disadvantages of Drupal: a complex interface, high hosting requirements, lack of ready-made free templates, difficulty in mastering.
It is less popular than the free site management systems listed above. This is due to the fact that there are not so many ready-made templates for it. However, you can create them yourself, and you can use WordPress themes for the design. The main advantage of the MaxSite platform is its minimal memory requirements. For its functioning, only 3 MB of memory is enough, while for the normal operation of WordPress, from 16 to 32 MB is needed.
The negative aspects of MaxSite: there are few ready-made templates, weak functionality of the visual editor, it is difficult to find a specialist to finalize (if there is such a need).
A paid CMS for business, moreover, is quite expensive. However, it is popular because it is one of the most reliable and thoughtful in terms of SEO and security. It is most often chosen for creating corporate websites, since it can be synchronized with 1C databases. Bitrix has eight versions that differ in their functionality. Various improvements to suit your needs and tasks are possible, but they will cost additional costs.
The main disadvantages of Bitrix are: paid, expensive, complex settings, a large load on the host-server, it is impossible to work with it without a deep study.
Data Life Engine (DLE)
The most common of the paid CMS used for news and information sites. It provides the possibility of various settings according to your needs, works stably with high traffic, does not require a large amount of hosting resources. The license for installing DLE can be basic or extended.
Cons of DLE: it is recognized as one of the most frequently hacked CMS, there are many flaws and software errors in it.
Administration of content management systems
There are a lot of site management systems today, and they all have their advantages and disadvantages. It is not surprising that it is not easy for novice webmasters to make the right choice.
In this regard, it is necessary to highlight several key points that you should pay attention to, so that after creating a website, working with it does not cause much trouble.
• Easy to install.
The most simplified version includes the following steps: downloading the distribution kit (in the archive), unpacking it and launching it. This option is most suitable for beginners who, with other installation methods, can simply get confused in numerous folders, editing and replacing individual files.
• Programming language.
Most CMS are written in PHP, or in Ruby on Pails. There are other options that are less common. However, to work with them, you will need the services of programmers who specialize in them.
• Interface language.
This should be paid attention to by those users who plan to make a site without linking it to any particular language and country. Support for language functions allows you to easily translate menu items, content and related elements into another language.
• Functionality and support.
Over time, you will need to make all sorts of changes and additions to the site. It is good if you do not need to ask for help from a specialist every time, but simply download (with or without payment) any additional plugin and connect it yourself. The same applies to technical support: it is desirable that the platform developer responds promptly and quickly eliminates errors detected by users.
The principle applies here - the older, the better. If the CMS has been developed for a long time, then, as a rule, it is more stable, the necessary corrections and improvements have already been made to it, and software errors are minimized.
It also helps to determine the choice by analyzing which site management platforms your competitors or owners of similar projects have already chosen for themselves. You will be able to evaluate them in terms of design, navigation, structure, functionality and speed of opening pages.
Thus, there are quite a lot of parameters for choosing a site management system, and it is not at all easy to make a deliberate and promising step. However, it is worth spending the time to weigh the pros and cons of each option, considering all the details to create the website was fast, steadily progressed in the search results Yandex/Google and bring its owner good profit. After all, it is troublesome and expensive to transfer all the content of an already working resource from one platform to another.